Nginx and PHP-FPM, bash script for creating new vhost’s under separate fpm pools

Using worker pools in PHP-FPM can allow you to easily separate out and isolate virtual hosts that make use of PHP. PHP-FPM allows you to run multiple pools of processes all spawned from the master one and each pool can run as a different user and/or group. Each pool can be further isolated by running in a chroot environment and by overriding the default php.ini values on a per pool basis.

Running PHP for each vhost under a different user/group can help to stop a vulnerability in one site potentially exposing another vhost, it can also stop one malicious owner of a vhost from been able to use PHP to access the files of another site owned by someone else on the same server (in a shared hosting environment).

The process of setting up the web server config and a new PHP-FPM pool for each new vhost on a server can become a rather time consuming and boring process. However as this process follows a fairly standard set of steps it can be easily scripted.

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